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CentOS下MySQL 5.7源码编译安装

简述

MySQL 5.7 GA版本的发布,也就是说从现在开始5.7已经可以在生产环境中使用,有任何问题官方都将立刻修复。

MySQL 5.7主要特性:

  • 更好的性能:对于多核CPU、固态硬盘、锁有着更好的优化,每秒100W QPS已不再是MySQL的追求,下个版本能否上200W QPS才是吾等用户更关心的
  • 更好的InnoDB存储引擎
  • 更为健壮的复制功能:复制带来了数据完全不丢失的方案,传统金融客户也可以选择使用MySQL数据库。此外,GTID在线平滑升级也变得可能
  • 更好的优化器:优化器代码重构的意义将在这个版本及以后的版本中带来巨大的改进,Oracle官方正在解决MySQL之前最大的难题
  • 原生JSON类型的支持
  • 更好的地理信息服务支持:InnoDB原生支持地理位置类型,支持GeoJSON,GeoHash特性
  • 新增sys库:以后这会是DBA访问最频繁的库

安装依赖

yum -y install cmake gcc gcc-c++ bison ncurses ncurses-devel

下载源码

[root@elasticsearch ~]# cd /usr/local/src/
[root@elasticsearch src]# wget http://downloads.sourceforge.net/project/boost/boost/1.59.0/boost_1_59_0.tar.gz

[root@elasticsearch src]# wget https://cdn.mysql.com//Downloads/MySQL-5.7/mysql-5.7.25.tar.gz

解压

[root@elasticsearch src]# tar xzf boost_1_59_0.tar.gz 
[root@elasticsearch src]# mv boost_1_59_0 /usr/local/boost
[root@elasticsearch src]# tar xzf mysql-5.7.25.tar.gz

添加mysql用户

[root@elasticsearch src]# useradd -M -s /sbin/nologin mysql

安装

[root@elasticsearch src]# mkdir -p /data/mysql
[root@elasticsearch src]# cd mysql-5.7.25

cmake \
-DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr/local/mysql \
-DMYSQL_DATADIR=/data/mysql \
-DWITH_BOOST=/usr/local/boost \
-DSYSCONFDIR=/etc \
-DWITH_INNOBASE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \
-DWITH_PARTITION_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \
-DWITH_FEDERATED_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \
-DWITH_BLACKHOLE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \
-DWITH_MYISAM_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \
-DENABLED_LOCAL_INFILE=1 \
-DENABLE_DTRACE=0 \
-DDEFAULT_CHARSET=utf8 \
-DDEFAULT_COLLATION=utf8_general_ci \
-DWITH_EMBEDDED_SERVER=1

编译安装

[root@elasticsearch mysql-5.7.25]# make

make -j `grep processor /proc/cpuinfo | wc -l`  #编译很消耗系统资源,小内存可能编译通不过

编译很消耗时间,坐等

[root@elasticsearch mysql-5.7.25]# echo $?
0
[root@elasticsearch mysql-5.7.25]# make install
[root@elasticsearch mysql-5.7.25]# echo $?     
0

启动脚本,设置开机自启动

[root@elasticsearch mysql-5.7.25]# /bin/cp /usr/local/mysql/support-files/mysql.server /etc/init.d/mysqld
[root@elasticsearch mysql-5.7.25]# chmod +x /etc/init.d/mysqld
[root@elasticsearch mysql-5.7.25]# chkconfig --add mysqld
[root@elasticsearch mysql-5.7.25]# chkconfig mysqld on

编辑主配置文件,仅供参考

cat > /etc/my.cnf << EOF
[client]
port = 3306
socket = /tmp/mysql.sock
default-character-set = utf8mb4
[mysqld]
port = 3306
socket = /tmp/mysql.sock
basedir = /usr/local/mysql
datadir = /data/mysql
pid-file = /data/mysql/mysql.pid
user = mysql
bind-address = 0.0.0.0
server-id = 1
init-connect = 'SET NAMES utf8mb4'
character-set-server = utf8mb4
#skip-name-resolve
#skip-networking
back_log = 300
max_connections = 1000
max_connect_errors = 6000
open_files_limit = 65535
table_open_cache = 128
max_allowed_packet = 4M
binlog_cache_size = 1M
max_heap_table_size = 8M
tmp_table_size = 16M
read_buffer_size = 2M
read_rnd_buffer_size = 8M
sort_buffer_size = 8M
join_buffer_size = 8M
key_buffer_size = 4M
thread_cache_size = 8
query_cache_type = 1
query_cache_size = 8M
query_cache_limit = 2M
ft_min_word_len = 4
log_bin = mysql-bin
binlog_format = mixed
expire_logs_days = 30
log_error = /data/mysql/mysql-error.log
slow_query_log = 1
long_query_time = 1
slow_query_log_file = /data/mysql/mysql-slow.log
performance_schema = 0
explicit_defaults_for_timestamp
#lower_case_table_names = 1
skip-external-locking
default_storage_engine = InnoDB
#default-storage-engine = MyISAM
innodb_file_per_table = 1
innodb_open_files = 500
innodb_buffer_pool_size = 64M
innodb_write_io_threads = 4
innodb_read_io_threads = 4
innodb_thread_concurrency = 0
innodb_purge_threads = 1
innodb_flush_log_at_trx_commit = 2
innodb_log_buffer_size = 2M
innodb_log_file_size = 32M
innodb_log_files_in_group = 3
innodb_max_dirty_pages_pct = 90
innodb_lock_wait_timeout = 120
bulk_insert_buffer_size = 8M
myisam_sort_buffer_size = 8M
myisam_max_sort_file_size = 10G
myisam_repair_threads = 1
interactive_timeout = 28800
wait_timeout = 28800
[mysqldump]
quick
max_allowed_packet = 16M
[myisamchk]
key_buffer_size = 8M
sort_buffer_size = 8M
read_buffer = 4M
write_buffer = 4M
EOF

初始化数据库

[root@elasticsearch mysql-5.7.25]# /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld --initialize-insecure --user=mysql --basedir=/usr/local/mysql --datadir=/data/mysql

启动mysql

[root@elasticsearch mysql-5.7.25]# service mysqld start
Starting MySQL. SUCCESS! 
[root@elasticsearch mysql-5.7.25]# ss -tnlp 
State Recv-Q Send-Q Local Address:Port Peer Address:Port 
LISTEN 0 128 *:3306 *:* users:(("mysqld",pid=6799,fd=24))
LISTEN 0 128 *:22 *:* users:(("sshd",pid=994,fd=3))
LISTEN 0 100 127.0.0.1:25 *:* users:(("master",pid=2043,fd=13))
LISTEN 0 128 :::22 :::* users:(("sshd",pid=994,fd=4))
LISTEN 0 100 ::1:25 :::* users:(("master",pid=2043,fd=14))
[root@elasticsearch mysql-5.7.25]# ps -ef | grep mysql
root      5969     1  0 17:59 pts/2    00:00:00 /bin/sh /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld_safe --datadir=/data/mysql --pid-file=/data/mysql/mysql.pid
mysql     6799  5969  0 17:59 pts/2    00:00:00 /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld --basedir=/usr/local/mysql --datadir=/data/mysql --plugin-dir=/usr/local/mysql/lib/plugin --user=mysql --log-error=/data/mysql/mysql-error.log --open-files-limit=65535 --pid-file=/data/mysql/mysql.pid --socket=/tmp/mysql.sock --port=3306
root      6827 17012  0 17:59 pts/2    00:00:00 grep --color=auto mysql

添加MySQL环境变量

[root@elasticsearch ~]# vim /etc/profile.d/path.sh

#!/bin/bash

export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/mysql/bin

使其生效

[root@elasticsearch ~]# source /etc/profile.d/path.sh

设置密码

查看版本

[root@elasticsearch ~]# mysql -uroot
Welcome to the MySQL monitor. Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MySQL connection id is 2
Server version: 5.7.25-log Source distribution

Copyright (c) 2000, 2019, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its
affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective
owners.

Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.

mysql> select version();
+------------+
| version() |
+------------+
| 5.7.25-log |
+------------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)




修改密码

mysql> SET PASSWORD = PASSWORD('123456');
Query OK, 0 rows affected, 1 warning (0.00 sec)

mysql> quit;
Bye

测试

[root@elasticsearch ~]# mysql -uroot 
ERROR 1045 (28000): Access denied for user 'root'@'localhost' (using password: NO)
[root@elasticsearch ~]# mysql -uroot -p123456
mysql: [Warning] Using a password on the command line interface can be insecure.
Welcome to the MySQL monitor. Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MySQL connection id is 4
Server version: 5.7.25-log Source distribution

Copyright (c) 2000, 2019, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its
affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective
owners.

Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.

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