CentOS下MySQL 5.7编译安装

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2020年4月3日10:42:01 评论 1,160 4495字阅读14分59秒

简述

MySQL 5.7 GA版本的发布,也就是说从现在开始5.7已经可以在生产环境中使用,有任何问题官方都将立刻修复。

MySQL 5.7主要特性:

更好的性能:对于多核CPU、固态硬盘、锁有着更好的优化,每秒100W QPS已不再是MySQL的追求,下个版本能否上200W QPS才是吾等用户更关心的
更好的InnoDB存储引擎
更为健壮的复制功能:复制带来了数据完全不丢失的方案,传统金融客户也可以选择使用MySQL数据库。此外,GTID在线平滑升级也变得可能
更好的优化器:优化器代码重构的意义将在这个版本及以后的版本中带来巨大的改进,Oracle官方正在解决MySQL之前最大的难题
原生JSON类型的支持
更好的地理信息服务支持:InnoDB原生支持地理位置类型,支持GeoJSON,GeoHash特性
新增sys库:以后这会是DBA访问最频繁的库

安装依赖

[root@localhost ~]# yum -y install gcc gcc-c++ ncurses ncurses-devel cmake openssl-devel git

下载相应源码包

CentOS下MySQL 5.7编译安装

[root@localhost ~]# cd /usr/local/src/
[root@localhost src]#wget http://downloads.sourceforge.net/project/boost/boost/1.59.0/boost_1_59_0.tar.gz
[root@localhost src]# wget https://cdn.mysql.com//Downloads/MySQL-5.7/mysql-5.7.29.tar.gz

添加mysql用户

[root@localhost src]# useradd -M -s /sbin/nologin mysql

编译

[root@localhost src]# tar zxf boost_1_59_0.tar.gz 
[root@localhost src]# tar zxf mysql-5.7.29.tar.gz 
[root@localhost src]# mkdir -p /data/mysql
[root@localhost src]# cd mysql-5.7.29
[root@localhost mysql-5.7.29]# 
   cmake . -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr/local/mysql \
    -DMYSQL_DATADIR=/data/mysql \
    -DDOWNLOAD_BOOST=1 \
    -DWITH_BOOST=/usr/local/src/boost_1_59_0 \
    -DSYSCONFDIR=/etc \
    -DWITH_INNOBASE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \
    -DWITH_PARTITION_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \
    -DWITH_FEDERATED_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \
    -DWITH_BLACKHOLE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \
    -DWITH_MYISAM_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \
    -DWITH_EMBEDDED_SERVER=1 \
    -DENABLE_DTRACE=0 \
    -DENABLED_LOCAL_INFILE=1 \
    -DDEFAULT_CHARSET=utf8mb4 \
    -DDEFAULT_COLLATION=utf8mb4_general_ci \
    -DWITH_EMBEDDED_SERVER=1

检查有没有错误

[root@localhost mysql-5.7.29]# echo $?
0

安装mysql

[root@localhost mysql-5.7.29]# make
[root@localhost mysql-5.7.29]# make install
[root@localhost mysql-5.7.29]# echo $?
0

启动脚本,设置开机自启动

[root@localhost mysql-5.7.29]# /bin/cp /usr/local/mysql/support-files/mysql.server /etc/init.d/mysqld
[root@localhost mysql-5.7.29]# chmod +x /etc/init.d/mysqld
[root@localhost mysql-5.7.29]# chkconfig --add mysqld
[root@localhost mysql-5.7.29]# chkconfig mysqld on

/etc/my.cnf,仅供参考

cat > /etc/my.cnf << EOF
[client]
port = 3306
socket = /tmp/mysql.sock
default-character-set = utf8mb4
[mysqld]
port = 3306
socket = /tmp/mysql.sock
basedir = /usr/local/mysql
datadir = /data/mysql
pid-file = /data/mysql/mysql.pid
user = mysql
bind-address = 0.0.0.0
server-id = 1
init-connect = 'SET NAMES utf8mb4'
character-set-server = utf8mb4
#skip-name-resolve
#skip-networking
back_log = 300
max_connections = 1000
max_connect_errors = 6000
open_files_limit = 65535
table_open_cache = 128
max_allowed_packet = 4M
binlog_cache_size = 1M
max_heap_table_size = 8M
tmp_table_size = 16M
read_buffer_size = 2M
read_rnd_buffer_size = 8M
sort_buffer_size = 8M
join_buffer_size = 8M
key_buffer_size = 4M
thread_cache_size = 8
query_cache_type = 1
query_cache_size = 8M
query_cache_limit = 2M
ft_min_word_len = 4
log_bin = mysql-bin
binlog_format = mixed
expire_logs_days = 30
log_error = /data/mysql/mysql-error.log
slow_query_log = 1
long_query_time = 1
slow_query_log_file = /data/mysql/mysql-slow.log
performance_schema = 0
explicit_defaults_for_timestamp
#lower_case_table_names = 1
skip-external-locking
default_storage_engine = InnoDB
#default-storage-engine = MyISAM
innodb_file_per_table = 1
innodb_open_files = 500
innodb_buffer_pool_size = 64M
innodb_write_io_threads = 4
innodb_read_io_threads = 4
innodb_thread_concurrency = 0
innodb_purge_threads = 1
innodb_flush_log_at_trx_commit = 2
innodb_log_buffer_size = 2M
innodb_log_file_size = 32M
innodb_log_files_in_group = 3
innodb_max_dirty_pages_pct = 90
innodb_lock_wait_timeout = 120
bulk_insert_buffer_size = 8M
myisam_sort_buffer_size = 8M
myisam_max_sort_file_size = 10G
myisam_repair_threads = 1
interactive_timeout = 28800
wait_timeout = 28800
[mysqldump]
quick
max_allowed_packet = 16M
[myisamchk]
key_buffer_size = 8M
sort_buffer_size = 8M
read_buffer = 4M
write_buffer = 4M
EOF

启动数据库

[root@localhost ~]# /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld --initialize-insecure --user=mysql --basedir=/usr/local/mysql --datadir=/data/mysql
[root@localhost ~]# service mysqld start
Starting MySQL. SUCCESS!

设置变量

[root@localhost ~]# vim /etc/profile.d/path.sh
#!/bin/bash
export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/mysql/bin
[root@localhost ~]# source !$
source /etc/profile.d/path.sh

设置密码

[root@localhost ~]# mysqladmin -uroot password '123456'
mysqladmin: [Warning] Using a password on the command line interface can be insecure.
Warning: Since password will be sent to server in plain text, use ssl connection to ensure password safety.

登陆

[root@localhost ~]# mysql -uroot -p123456
mysql: [Warning] Using a password on the command line interface can be insecure.
Welcome to the MySQL monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MySQL connection id is 6
Server version: 5.7.29-log Source distribution

Copyright (c) 2000, 2020, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its
affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective
owners.

Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.

mysql>
下载信息 MySQL 5.7
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下载地址:登录可见
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DB Mysql 最后更新:2020-4-11
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  • 本文由 发表于 2020年4月3日10:42:01
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